英语原文共 7 页
Information Design for Visualizing History Museum Artifacts
Yulin Chen Tingsheng Lai Takami Yasuda, Shigeki Yokoi
Nagoya University, Nagoya, National Palace Museum, Taipei Nagoya University, Nagoya.
Japan Taiwan Japan
In the past few years, museum visualization systems have become a hot topic that attracts many researchersrsquo; interests. Several systems provide Web services for browsing museum collections through the Web. In this paper,we proposed an intelligent museum system for history museum artifacts, and described a study in which we enable access to China and Japan cultural heritage information from two history museums, the National Palace Museum in Taiwan and the Tokugawa Art Museum in Japan. Results from these museums#39; databases were used to develop a
prototype system to demonstrate advanced cultural learning and historical timeline functionalities for foreigners.This system is based on temporal data from the museums#39; databases and provides the user with powerful data manipulation and graphical visualization tools. It might become a basis of an interactive digital museum system for Chinese and Japanese heritages, especially for foreign users.
Keywards: museum, heritage, timeline, exhibits support system, user interface
Traditionally, curators are required to classify and interpret elements of distinct artifacts, proving them for visitors examining and appreciating the works. This has become the normal. In most historical exhibits,curators desire to convey the message for the research background and the matter of collections. The museum curator increases the introduction of materials in order to support the museum exhibits and the gallery staff guidance,as possible as they can satisfy the growing needs form the visitor for high-quality of the exhibit introduction. When visitors appreciate the artifact at first, certainly they acquire the abundant information from exhibits. Mostly, museum learning uses the concept of grouping the substance of exhibited objects especially for history museums. Similarly to digital library access, many institutions provide users with both text searching of collection content and categories, such as object type or subject matter, it is really useful in organizing items for the museum. However, these broad institutions may not always allow the individual to find other museum#39;s collections quickly and easily. There are no systems to integrate other museum collections by different areas, nor even by different countries. The difficulties of changing such a system will make it increasingly possible to search and browse for different museum items, using richer sets of heritage classifications which based on the collections database. Nonetheless, we attempted to assist the visitor#39;s understanding of the whole exhibition, this system changes the traditional orientation towards the curator#39;s interpretation and suggests the exhibition introduction in advance especially for first-time visitors.
We targeted these visitors who are difficult to interpret their own history knowledge without any support from the curator or professional instructors, especially for foreign visitors. We aim to propose a strategy which mainly increases the understanding of Chinas and Japan#39;s histories by this self-reliant exhibit learning system.This study used two museums(National Palace Museum in Taiwan and Tokugawa Art Museum in Japan) data as our samples to express how museum Web systems could be applied to enhance access to a large online heritage collection from different museums, with regard to browsing and exploring the heritage materials related to the history timeline.
Museums Timeline Applications
Many applications for information visualization have been developed, and some researchers have already applied subjective measurements to accompany objective results. There are many familiar examples of timelines. Figure I shows a particularly elaborate timeline, The Wall Chart of World History. They display the reigns of rulers of the major countries of the world along with commentaries about those reigns and important historical events. Visually, the timeline makes extensive use of color, shape and scale, and a few other familiar paper timelines show cultural and scientific advances. Event relations are particularly important. Viewing event relations among the news with timelines has some similarities to viewing postulated relationships between propositions in hypertext argumentation systems. On the other hand, for visualization systems, some researchers use the points d keywords, time and 3D (three-dimensional) space to display visualization interfaces. For example, Nomata and Hoshino(2007) proposed a novel visualization system for news articles that supports the exploration, the observation and the supplying of visual summaries of news articles.Matsumoto, Sumiya, and, Uehara (2005) proposed a multi-channel dissemination system with a time dependent filter and an application technique for time-series documents on the Internet. He also took a push-based application method based on confidence and scoop levels to describe a prototype system
We surveyed several timeline applications of all kinds of museums all over the world (see Figure 2). It is a popular way for museums to express their heritage collections by time or history classification. It was conducted to get an idea of why people use the museum timeline site and use this input to help guide the design of a system for browsing and exploring material related to the heritage history or culture. With regards to interface design matters, researchers(Fluit, Sabou, amp;Van Harmelen, 2005)mentioned both typical and more experimental visualization techniques ranging from ranked lists, clustered result displays, tag clouds, cluster maps and data-specific designs