2021-12-10 05:12

Applications of Metaphors in Jewelry Design

Ting Wang,Chien-Chih Ni,I-Wen Wu. Applications of Metaphors in Jewelry Design[M].Springer International Publishing:2018-07-17.


According to Michael Porterrsquo;s concept of building a competitive advantage on culture, what Taiwan lacks in its current economic development is a social value that encourages creativity and innovation, that is, a “economic culture” that supports an aesthetic economy. In the contemporary development of jewelry design, the role of jewelry design is directly or indirectly interpreted by the forms of jewelry. Jewelry is one of the best means to define characteristics, signify status, and deliver thoughts and culture. Jewelry gives consumers a sense of identity and carries ideas of a thinking design. Based on Chinese literature criticism, this study attempts to apply a specific model presented in the “Bi Xing” chapter of Liu Xiersquo;s Wen-Xing-Diao-Long to develop a metaphorical design model. Through case study of jewelry works, this study explores use of metaphors in each work and discusses use of metaphors in a literary framework. In addition to investigating the forms and meanings of metaphors, this study also extends the jewelry design thinking model and conducts a quantitative evaluation of the proposed model. The results can not only offer guidance to metalworking instructions but also promote awakening of the aesthetic awareness in our culture, deepening of the power of jewelry design in our society, cross-domain cultural exchanges, and creation of a consciousness that speaks for the contemporary or the future society.

Keywords:Jewelry design Thinking design Metaphor design model

1 Introduction

1.1 Background and Motivation

In the researcherrsquo;s observation of classroom instructions of metalworking, techniques are always the focus, and how to integrate creativity in metalworking is seldom addressed. Students often ask the instructor with a confused look “Sir, how should I convert my ideas into creative vocabulary?”. The researcher deeply believes that in addition to the thinking design curriculum, how to read art works, how to interpret artistsrsquo; thoughts and creative styles, and how to analyze the connections between design ideas and jewelry works in a theoretical framework of metaphors should all be incorporated into the current metalworking education.

In contemporary jewelry design, using various forms and techniques to deliver the creatorrsquo;s thoughts has become an increasingly dominant approach. The value of a jewelry design needs to be interpreted through in-depth observation from multiple perspectives. This study will analyze applications of metaphors in contemporary jewelry designs using the case study approach. The spiritual meanings, conversion of symbols, cultural value, and perspective reflections in the selected jewelry works will be explored. This study is intended to awaken the pursuit of aesthetic awareness in people, promote the application of metaphors in the thinking and creation of art works, and encourage more rational analyses of the associations between object, affect, and words. The ultimate goal is to create a consciousness that is particular to the contemporary or the future society through deepening of the influence of design, improvement of aesthetic knowledge, and promotion of the cultural and creative industry.

1.2 Objectives

In addition to formulating a design thinking process through analysis of applications of metaphors in jewelry designs, this study aims to achieve the following goals:

  1. Explore the Eastern and Western theoretical frameworks of metaphors;
  2. Construct the contemporary jewelry design model and conduct a case analysis.
  3. Examine whether the traditional literary criticism theory supports the analysis result to verify the feasibility of the theory.

1.3 Scope and Limitation

In this study, the subjects are students and experts in the art, design, and metalworking areas. From these subjects, this study will explore the importance of the structure of design process in the learning and cognition of metalworking knowledge. Besides, through a review of related theories and data, this study will investigate the applications of metaphors in design and further discuss the approach and thinking process of using metaphors in literature and poetry as described in the “Bi Xing” chapter of Wen-Xing-Diao-Long.

2 Literature Review

2.1 Metaphor as a Means of Interpreting Designs

In Chinese literature, Liu Xiersquo;s Wen-Xing-Diao-Long is a critical and theoretical work that offers a method of devising metaphors. Compared to contemporary design methodologies, this work provides a fairly specific operational model, and this model is also commonly used in design. In the “Bi Xing” chapter, Liu Xie states “metaphors can be applied to various kinds of subjects, including a sound, an appearance, feelings or an event” [7] . “Bi” is the method of describing one thing by comparing it to another thing with similar features. There is no particular rule of using it. It can be used to describe anything from a sound to an appearance, feelings or an event. “Xing” is to devise metaphors. Metaphors promote extended thinking, leading people to consider the deeper meaning or the value of the subject being described. To devise a metaphor, one has to be discerning and describe the subject in an intuitive and implicit manner. In terms of format, the subject and the object of the metaphor are both equal and opposite in certain aspects. Herbert Read explains Aristotlersquo;s definition of metaphor as follows: “metaphor is the swift illumination of an e




根据迈克尔波特关于建立文化竞争优势的概念,台湾当前经济发展所缺乏的是鼓励创造力和创新的社会价值,即支持审美经济的“经济文化”。在珠宝设计的当代发展中,珠宝设计的作用直接或间接地由珠宝的形式来解释。珠宝是定义特征,表示地位,传递思想和文化的最佳方式之一。珠宝赋予消费者一种认同感,并带有思维设计的想法。基于中国文学的批评,本研究试图应用于刘勰的“比兴”(注:比兴是古代诗歌的常用技巧)一章提出了具体的型号 - - - (注:《文心雕龙》是中国南朝文学理论家刘勰(xieacute;)创作的一部文学理论专著)开发隐喻设计模型。通过对珠宝作品的案例研究,本研究探讨了隐喻在每件作品中的运用,并讨论了隐喻在文学框架中的运用。除了研究隐喻的形式和意义外,本研究还扩展了珠宝设计思维模型,并对所提出的模型进行了定量评估。结果不仅可以为金工指导提供指导,还可以促进我们文化中审美意识的觉醒,深化我们社会中珠宝设计的力量,跨领域的文化交流,以及创造一种代表当代或未来的社会。

关键词:珠宝设计 思维设计 隐喻设计模型







  1. 探索隐喻的东西方理论框架;
  2. 构建当代珠宝设计模型并进行案例分析。
  3. 检验传统文学批评理论是否支持分析结果,验证该理论的可行性。


在这项研究中,受试者是艺术,设计和金属加工领域的学生和专家。从这些主题,本研究将探讨设计过程结构在金属加工知识的学习和认知中的重要性。此外,通过相关理论和数据的审查,这项研究将调查隐喻设计的应用和进一步讨论的方法,并考虑使用中的“比兴”一章描述了文学和诗歌隐喻的过程 - - 雕 -



在中国文学,刘勰的 - - 雕 - 是提供制定隐喻的方法的关键和理论工作。与当代设计方法相比,这项工作提供了一个相当具体的操作模型,这种模型也常用于设计。在“比兴”一章中,刘燮指出“隐喻可以应用于各种主题,包括声音,外表,情感或事件”[ 7]]。“比”是通过将其与具有相似特征的另一事物进行比较来描述一件事的方法。使用它没有特别的规则。它可以用来描述从声音到外观,感觉或事件的任何事物。“兴”是设计隐喻。隐喻促进了扩展思维,引导人们考虑所描述主题的更深层含义或价值。要设计一个比喻,必须以直观和隐含的方式辨别和描述主题。就格式而言,隐喻的主语和客体在某些方面是相同的和相反的。Herbert Read解释了亚里士多德对隐喻的定义如下:“隐喻是对等的迅速阐释。两个图像,或一个想法和一个图像,站在相等和相反的; 冲突在一起并做出显着反应,11 ]。Chou [1 ]在“我们生活隐喻”(Lakoff和Johnson)的中文译本中指出,隐喻是一种思维模式,从认知的角度来看,它不仅仅是一种修辞手段。这是一个思维模型,我们理解基于另一个人的认知经验的概念。在对隐喻的认知中,我们识别两个概念之间的相似性,然后将一个人的形象转移到另一个概念。这个过程也确立了认知语言学研究的重要性。在文学中,隐喻是语言装饰。在我们的日常生活中减少使用隐喻可能不会产生显着差异。然而,不可否认,隐喻迫使人们思考和推断所描述主题的更深层次和更广泛的意义。

在艺术创作中,艺术家根据感官印象或想象力直观地创作作品,主观地表达观点。这个过程不仅适用于艺术,也适用于文学。文学,特别是诗歌的形式,也被创造出来传达人类的感受。根据弗朗西斯培根的说法,诗歌主要基于想象力,想象力是自由的,不受任何原则的束缚。通过想象,可以组合自然分裂的东西,并且可以划分自然整合的东西[ 12 ]。理查德在“修辞哲学”中提到过在当代隐喻研究中,人们认识到隐喻(主体)与隐喻的载体(对象)之间存在相互关系。本质上,通过语言,文本引发了哲学讨论,其中一个事物的感知在理解隐喻时被转移到另一个事物。Lin和Yeh [ 8 ]提到,在设计标志转换时,必须考虑主题的原始含义,更重要的是,要掌握车辆的扩展意义。至于修辞在文化产品创意设计中的应用,他们还提出了一个隐喻设计模型,如图1所示 。


文化产品的隐喻设计模型([ 8 ],第447页)







本研究基于一个改编自文化产品隐喻设计模型的模型(图 1)(Lin和Yeh [ 8 ])。修改模型与原始模型的主要区别在于与理论中提出的理论的整合。碧兴章 - - 雕 - 。这个理论表明我们依靠图像来解释一种感觉或做出类比。本研究试图找到一种新的思维模型,如图 2所示希望可以使设计过程为珠宝设计师提供方向。基于四个主题创作中出现的垂直思维,本研究将设计主题分为两类,即有形和抽象。对于有形群体中的主体,重点放在观察和描述“有形物体”和“时间事件”上。对于抽象组中的主体,目标是赋予“交际符号”或“隐形概念”的含义。对于珠宝设计师而言,每组中都有多种主题可供选择。他们可以应用不同的形式或技术来表达观念或观点。隐喻是普遍存在的并且以各种形式存在。设计师需要首先确定他们工作的材料和形式,然后创造设计的隐含意义,以促进与观众的精神互动。在描绘外观,事件,声音或感觉时使用隐喻将引发观众的关注并为设计增添美感。


珠宝设计的隐喻模型(修订自[ 8 ])


为了开发珠宝设计的隐喻模型,本研究采用定性方法。根据文献,本研究开发了一个双轴模型,如图3所示 。一个轴表示“隐喻模型的发展”,另一个轴表示“珠宝设计模型的发展”。前者也是本研究的主要框架。后者旨在支持该框架的发展。在这项研究中,还将进行案例分析,以分析每个选定作品的背景,思维和隐喻方法。为确定每项工​​作的形式,类型和含义,本研究进一步进行问卷调查。该调查提供了用于分析观众感知与所提出模型分类之间差异的数据。最后,本研究还进行了多维尺度(MDS)因子分析和风格分析,以评估所提出模型的可行性。






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