橡树庄园-乡村度假合院建筑及景观设计外文翻译资料

 2021-12-09 10:12

I. City and The Landscape
(1) Overview of Landscape Design
Landscape design, first, is a people#39;s thinking activity, performed as an artactivity.Diversified thoughts formed complex diverse landscape art style.Contemporary landscape designapparently see is the diversity of the landscapeforms,in fact its essence is to keep the closing up to the natural order system, reflectedthe more respect for human beings, more indepth perspective of the nature ofhuman#39;s reality and need, not to try to conquer the nature.it is not even imitatingnatural, but produce a sense of belonging. Landscape is not only a phenomenon butthe human visual scene. So the earliest landscape implications is actually city scene.Landscape design and creation is actually to build the city.(2) The Relationship Between Landscape and UrbanCity is a product of human social, economic and cultural development, and the mostcomplex type. It is vulnerable to the artificial and natural environmental conditions ofinterference. In recent decades, with worldwide the acceleration of urbanization, theurban population intensive, heavy traffic, resource shortage, environment pollutionand ecology deterioration has become the focus of attention of the human society. Inthe current environment condition in our country, the problem is very serious. and insome urban areas, the pollution has quite serious, and greatly influenced and restrictsthe sustainable development of the city.

Landscape is the relationship between man and man, man and nature. This is, in fact,a kind of human living process. Living process is actually with the powers of natureand the interaction process, in order to obtain harmonious process. The landscape isthe result of human life in order to survive and to adapt the natural. At the same time,the living process is also a process of establishning harmonious coexistence.Therefore, as a colony landscape, it is a stigma of the relationship between man andnature.



II the city landscape planning and design(1) city landscape elements

The urban landscape elements include natural landscape and artificial landscape .Among them, the natural landscape is mainly refers to the natural scenery, such assize hills, ancient and famous trees, stone, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc. Artificiallandscape are the main cultural relics, cultural site, the botanical garden afforestation,art sketch, trade fairs, build structure, square, etc. These landscape elements mustoffer a lot of examples for creating high quality of the urban space environment. Butfor a unique urban landscape, you must put all sorts of landscape elements in thesystem organization,and create an orderly space form.(2)the urban landscape in the planning
The city is an organic whole, which is composed with material, economy, culture, andsociety.To improve the urban environment is a common voice. The key of the urbanlandscape design is to strengthen urban design ideas, strengthen urban design work.and blend urban design thought into the stages of urban planning. The overall urbanplanning in the city landscape planning is not to abandon the traditional garden, greenspace planning, but the extension and development of it.Both are no conflict, but alsocannot be equal.In landscape planningof city planning, we should first analysis theurban landscape resources structure, fully exploit landscape elements which canreflect the characteristics of urban.Consider carefully for the formation of the systemof urban landscape.

II ecological planning and urban landscape (1) the relationship of urban landscape
and ecological planning Landscape ecology is a newly emerged cross discipline, themain research space pattern and ecological processes of interaction, its theme is thefork the geography and ecology. It#39;s with the whole landscape as the object, throughthe material flow, energy flow and information flowing the surface of the earth andvalue in transmission and exchange, through the biological and the biological and theinteraction between human and transformation, the ecological system principle andsystem research methods of landscape structure and function.

the dynamic change of landscape has interaction mechanism, the research of thelandscape pattern, optimizing the structure, beautify the reasonable use and theprotection, have very strong practicability. Urban ecological system is a natural,economic and social composite artificial ecosystem, it including life system,environment system, with a complex multi-level structure, can be in differentapproaches of human activity and the mutual relationship between the city andinfluence. Urban environment planning guidance and coordination as a macrodepartment interests, optimizing the allocation of land resources city, reasonableurban space environment organization the important strategic deployment, must haveecological concept. Only to have the ecological view, to guide the construction of thecity in the future to ecological city goal, to establish the harmonious livingenvironment. In recent years, landscape planning in urban landscape featuresprotection and urban environment design is wide used.

(2) landscape in the living environment of ecological effect

Landscape as a unit of land by different inlaid with obvious visual characteristics ofthe geographic entities, with the economic, ecological and aesthetic value, themultiple value judgment is landscape planning and management foundation.Landscape planning and design always is to create a pleasant landscape as the center.The appropriate human nature can understand the landscape for more suitable forhuman survival, reflect ecological civilization living environment, includinglandscape, building economy, prudent sex ecological stability, environmentalcleanliness, space crowded index, landscape beautiful degree of content, the currentmany places for residential area of green, static, beauty, Ann

I. City and The Landscape
(1) Overview of Landscape Design
Landscape design, first, is a people#39;s thinking activity, performed as an artactivity.Diversified thoughts formed complex diverse landscape art style.Contemporary landscape designapparently see is the diversity of the landscapeforms,in fact its essence is to keep the closing up to the natural order system, reflectedthe more respect for human beings, more indepth perspective of the nature ofhuman#39;s reality and need, not to try to conquer the nature.it is not even imitatingnatural, but produce a sense of belonging. Landscape is not only a phenomenon butthe human visual scene. So the earliest landscape implications is actually city scene.Landscape design and creation is actually to build the city.(2) The Relationship Between Landscape and UrbanCity is a product of human social, economic and cultural development, and the mostcomplex type. It is vulnerable to the artificial and natural environmental conditions ofinterference. In recent decades, with worldwide the acceleration of urbanization, theurban population intensive, heavy traffic, resource shortage, environment pollutionand ecology deterioration has become the focus of attention of the human society. Inthe current environment condition in our country, the problem is very serious. and insome urban areas, the pollution has quite serious, and greatly influenced and restrictsthe sustainable development of the city.

Landscape is the relationship between man and man, man and nature. This is, in fact,a kind of human living process. Living process is actually with the powers of natureand the interaction process, in order to obtain harmonious process. The landscape isthe result of human life in order to survive and to adapt the natural. At the same time,the living process is also a process of establishning harmonious coexistence.Therefore, as a colony landscape, it is a stigma of the relationship between man andnature.



II the city landscape planning and design(1) city landscape elements

The urban landscape elements include natural landscape and artificial landscape .Among them, the natural landscape is mainly refers to the natural scenery, such assize hills, ancient and famous trees, stone, rivers, lakes, oceans, etc. Artificiallandscape are the main cultural relics, cultural site, the botanical garden afforestation,art sketch, trade fairs, build structure, square, etc. These landscape elements mustoffer a lot of examples for creating high quality of the urban space environment. Butfor a unique urban landscape, you must put all sorts of landscape elements in thesystem organization,and create an orderly space form.(2)the urban landscape in the planning
The city is an organic whole, which is composed with material, economy, culture, andsociety.To improve the urban environment is a common voice. The key of the urbanlandscape design is to strengthen urban design ideas, strengthen urban design work.and blend urban design thought into the stages of urban planning. The overall urbanplanning in the city landscape planning is not to abandon the traditional garden, greenspace planning, but the extension and development of it.Both are no conflict, but alsocannot be equal.In landscape planningof city planning, we should first analysis theurban landscape resources structure, fully exploit landscape elements which canreflect the characteristics of urban.Consider carefully for the formation of the systemof urban landscape.

II ecological planning and urban landscape (1) the relationship of urban landscape
and ecological planning Landscape ecology is a newly emerged cross discipline, themain research space pattern and ecological processes of interaction, its theme is thefork the geography and ecology. It#39;s with the whole landscape as the object, throughthe material flow, energy flow and information flowing the surface of the earth andvalue in transmission and exchange, through the biological and the biological and theinteraction between human and transformation, the ecological system principle andsystem research methods of landscape structure and function.

the dynamic change of landscape has interaction mechanism, the research of thelandscape pattern, optimizing the structure, beautify the reasonable use and theprotection, have very strong practicability. Urban ecological system is a natural,economic and social composite artificial ecosystem, it including life system,environment system, with a complex multi-level structure, can be in differentapproaches of human activity and the mutual relationship between the city andinfluence. Urban environment planning guidance and coordination as a macrodepartment interests, optimizing the allocation of land resources city, reasonableurban space environment organization the important strategic deployment, must haveecological concept. Only to have the ecological view, to guide the construction of thecity in the future to ecological city goal, to establish the harmonious livingenvironment. In recent years, landscape planning in urban landscape featuresprotection and urban environment design is wide used.

(2) landscape in the living environment of ecological effect

Landscape as a unit of land by different inlaid with obvious visual characteristics ofthe geographic entities, with the economic, ecological and aesthetic value, themultiple value judgment is landscape planning and management foundation.Landscape planning and design always is to create a pleasant landscape as the center.The appropriate human nature can understand the landscape for more suitable forhuman survival, reflect ecological civilization living environment, includinglandscape, building economy, prudent sex ecological stability, environmentalcleanliness, space crowded index, landscape beautiful degree of content, the currentmany places for residential area of green, static, beauty, Ann

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