某小区1号楼土建工程量清单编制及施工组织设计外文翻译资料

 2022-03-22 09:03

Survey of Construction Management Documentation Usage in Planning and Construction of Building Project

Abstract

Project management presents the management and the coordination of human and material resources throughout the life of project by using the modern techniques of management for achievement of predetermined objectives in particular scope, costs, time, quality and the satisfaction of projects stakeholders. The construction project is unique summary of activities which resulted in product meeting the required quality parameters limited by time and costs. These parameters can be managed only through the carefully planning. The wide range of plans is the result of construction planning. The plans allow the effectively manage the achievement of planned construction parameters. Not only the time, costs and quality are important for construction project management, but also the plans in the field of safety, construction equipment and measures for eliminating the impact of the winter season for construction as a part of construction management documentation. For effective planning and the management of construction process by the plans, it is currently necessary to use more sophisticated ICT tools.

The paper presents the results of longitudinal research focused on the opinion of construction companies in Slovakia related to their approaches to processing these important plans for management of their construction projects. The survey was repeated in 1996, 2003, 2008 and 2013, therefore it is possible to examine the trends in the field of plans processing and then their using for construction management. The aim of research is to find out the trend in processing of construction management documentation.

Keywords: construction management documentation; planning phase; construction phase; questionnaire survey;

Previously is necessary to determine the dependence of construction management documentation processing on time which is confirmed by statistical method (chi-squared test) for investigation of quantitative characters. The findings of research indicate that trend in the processing of construction management documentation is improving.

1. Introduction

The construction management documentation presents the result of planning of construction processes and is necessary for its management. The processing and continual updating of construction management documentation are essential for management of changes which are very common issues in construction projects. Any additions, deletions, or revisions to project goals or scope are considered to be changes; regardless of whether they increase or decrease the project cost, quality or schedule [3]. Project changes have obvious impacts on the construction process, not only on the project’s schedule and cost but also on the project’s performance. Furthermore, it is hard to predict the changes in construction projects. This is mainly because of the uniqueness of each project and the limited resources that can be spent on planning, executing and delivering the project [4]. Project manager needs to predict changes in a timely manner. According to Kartam [9], conflict will be minimized when problems are found at the earliest possible stage of a project thereby enabling the implementation of counter measures. The changes in construction projects are implemented in its design and planning through a complex and iterative process, which may extend over a long period of time. The impact of these changes on the project often becomes clear only at the end of this process [10]. On the other hand, the study of authors Cox et al. [2] estimated that the direct cost of post contract design changes in building projects amounts to 5.1% - 7.6% of the total project cost. Author Ballard [1] discovered that over 50% of site work had not been finished on time according to weekly plans because of the construction changes.

It is well known that the specialty—construction management plays a more and more significant role in the development of the society in recent years. From the beginning its came into being to its change with the reform of economic system, construction management also change its process of development. Nowadays, the development of marketization and internationalization spur the rationalization and scientification of engineering cost supervision system, so the way to engineering quota management was carried by the separation of quantity and price, and then establish a mechanism which market competition directed by project quota gradually. Meanwhile, enhancing economic plausibility and rationality, establishing relative message network system and timely release of information, to lining with the needs of market. Our government should enhance the supervision of construction cost, establish the supervision system of construction cost gradually, and normalize the behavior of pricing, to ensure the smooth of project quality and construction.

The quality management of construction project is a systemic project, from feasibility study, survey and design to construction, acceptance check and so on, all of this have a problem of quality control. The management of project construction not only is a process to form project entity, but also is a key stage of quality of the final product. So the quality control in management of project construction is the key link in the whole process in project construction, the project quality mainly depend on the management of quality in process of construction stage.

Modern engineering project have a tendency to develop into large scale and modern with the complexity of project increase exponentially, only manage and control strictly, the quality and schedule of construction can be guaranteed under the condition of growing investments.

Therefore, modern project management mode of “Make detailed

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